Key Objectives of Asian Dairy Workshops

The objectives of the Asian workshops are summarised below.

Profitable Dairy Systems

Profitable Dairy Systems

Profitable Dairy Systems

Profitable Dairy Systems

Profitable Dairy Systems

Profitable Dairy Systems

Growing quality forages for Asian small holder dairy farmers

  1. To teach advisers and leading farmers the principles of growing forages to provide quality roughages for dairy stock
  2. To demonstrate the practices of forage selection, soil preparation, fertiliser application, weed/pest control and correct harvesting procedures to optimise yield and quality of such forage sources
  3. To present the financial benefits of improved management practices such as inorganic fertilisers and reducing days between harvest
  4. For newly trained participants, to then actively pass their knowledge onto other farmers and advisers

Making quality silages on Asian small holder dairy farms

  1. To teach silage making principles to advisers of dairy small holders and leading dairy farmers
  2. To train advisers in extension techniques suitable for use with dairy small holders
  3. To demonstrate techniques of making and storing silage in the tropics
  4. For freshly trained participants, to actively and immediately pass on their knowledge to a group of farmers

The principles of dairy nutrition

  1. To improve the knowledge of basic dairy cow nutrition in small holder dairy farmers
  2. To provide mechanisms for dairy farmers and advisers to predict milk responses from different feeding strategies
  3. To predict the effect on income for dairy farmers of manipulating feeding regimes
  4. To demonstrate the production benefits from better feeding lactating dairy cows
  5. To demonstrate the variability of individual components of formulations and the effect this has on the quality of dairy concentrates used to feed dairy cows
  6. To make the association between forage quality and milking performance
  7. To provide instruction on condition scoring off dairy cows
  8. To provide an understanding of the influence of cow condition on milk production, heifer growth and reproductive performance

Feeding management on Asian dairy farms

  1. To improve the technical skills of the small holder dairy industry to provide quality feed for their livestock
  2. To improve the production and quality of raw milk
  3. To improve the profitability of such enterprises

Improved rearing systems for replacement dairy calves and heifers

  1. To provide an understanding of the effect of calf and heifer rearing on long term dairy cow performance
  2. To more fully understand the key principles behind the transfer of passive immunity via colostrum and rumen development in milk feeding systems for replacement dairy heifer calves
  3. To more fully understand the importance of cleanliness and hygiene during milk rearing on the health and welfare of calves
  4. To more fully understand the importance of setting and achieving growth targets during the post weaning period of heifer rearing
  5. To develop a simple set of relevant check lists to ensure greater success in young stock management hence improved profits from the milking herd

Reproductive management for small holder dairy farmers in Asia

  1. To improve the technical skills of the small holder dairy industry in reproductive management
  2. To reduce the time from calving to conception
  3. To increase the proportion of pregnant dairy cows in the herd
  4. From field visits, to integrate knowledge of the many factors influencing fertility when assessing the reproductive performance of any one farm

Managing heat stress on small holder dairy farms in Asia

  1. To more fully understand the adverse effects of heat stress on cow performance
  2. To design and build sheds to reduce heat stress
  3. To modify feeding and herd management to reduce heat stress
  4. To consider other aspects of environmental management such as sanitation, effluent removal and minimising feet and leg problems

Improved milking hygiene and feeding practices to produce quality milk on small holder farms

  1. To improve the knowledge of basic milking hygiene of small holder farms
  2. To demonstrate the close association between milking hygiene and bacterial contamination of raw milk, both on farm and post farm gate
  3. To develop simple cost-effective ways to improve milk quality on farm
  4. To assist in the development of on farm mastitis control programs
  5. To improve the liaison/communication between farmers, Milk Collection Centre staff, the suppliers of dairy equipment and chemicals, and milk processors

Improving business skills in Asia’s small holder dairy industries

  1. To highlight the importance of keeping accurate production and financial records
  2. To use these records to calculate Cost of Production on dairy farms of any herd size
  3. To quantify farm profit in terms of three basic elements, namely cash, efficiency and wealth, whichever are the most relevant to long term sustainability
  4. To prioritise farming practices to maximise sustainability and farm profit
  5. To better understand the principles (the raw materials of FBM) behind successful dairy farming practices
  6. To provide a workshop environment conducive to farmer/farmer and farmer/adviser networking

Improved management requirements for imported dairy stock

  1. To develop more realistic expectations of the performance of imported dairy stock under traditional Asian farm management systems
  2. To better understand the differences in management requirements of indigenous, low production v imported, potentially high producing dairy stock.
  3. To develop farming systems to minimise the adverse effects of the tropical environment on high genetic merit temperate dairy cows
  4. To develop a post arrival farm management protocol for such stock
  5. To assess the suitability of individual small holder farmers to better utilise the potential of such high quality stock

A short course on tropical dairy farming

  1. To better understand the constraints limiting milk production on dairy farms in the humid tropics of South and East Asia.
  2. To develop the technical knowledge and skills to utilise opportunities to overcome many of the on-farm production constraints.
  3. In so doing, to better understand the scientific principles behind the nine key activities on any dairy farm. These are:
    • Forage production
    • Feeding management
    • Young stock management
    • Animal health
    • Reproduction
    • Stock welfare
    • Environmental management
    • Housing systems
    • Milking management
  4. To better understand how Key Performance Indicators can be used to assess current farm management practices and provide targets for future improvements in cow productivity and farm profitability
  5. To be introduced to the basics of Farm Business Management to quantify Cost of Production and Net Farm Profit.
  6. To develop more realistic expectations of the performance of imported dairy stock under traditional and improved Asian farm management systems.

The golden rules of tropical dairy farming

The 8 Golden Rules are for the following dairy farm activities:

  1. Calf Rearing
  2. Rearing weaned heifers
  3. Feeding milking cows
  4. Breeding adult cows
  5. Looking after the herd’s animal health
  6. Heat stress management
  7. Housing dairy stock
  8. Producing quality milk

The key objectives of the workshop are to:

  • Highlight the deficiencies of traditional management on Asian small holder dairy farms farms
  • Introduce the 8 Golden Rules and the key principles behind them to facilitate their understanding hence application by dairy farmers
  • Provide presentations, including a series of glossy brochures (in Bahasa Indonesia) on these 8 Golden Rules
  • Introduce and facilitate comprehension of the related Key Performance Indicators
  • Aid the comprehension of these key principles through group discussion during the workshop and practical sessions
  • Introduce the concept of farm business management to workshop participants
  • Provide a mechanism to facilitate feedback from the workshop participants as to any problems dairy farmers may encounter in applying these practices on their own farms.